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Glossary of Terms

Tiger Docks® is devoted to helping you succeed in dealing with your marine environment. We have dedicated this section to defining terms we feel are necessary to know when thinking about and working on your waterfront project.

 

Anchor

device usually of metal attached to a ship or boat by a cable and cast overboard to hold it in a particular place by means of fluke that digs into the bottom

Bow

the forward part of a ship / boat

Bridge

structure carrying a pathway or roadway over a depression or obstacle

Bulkhead

wall built parallel to the shoreline, usually near or at the high-water mark, to mitigate wave and current erosion of the uplands, and often used as a retaining wall to keep uplands from becoming submerged lands. "Bulkhead." Def. The Dock Manual.1999

Buoy

floating object moored to the bottom to mark a channel or something (as a shoal) lying under the water

Catwalk

narrow walkway (as long as a bridge)

Channel

strait or narrow sea between two close landmasses

Cleat

wooden or metal fitting usually with two projecting horns around which a rope may be made fasten.

Current

tidal or non-tidal movement of lake or ocean water

Decking

also, called planking or deck boards, this is what forms the docks upper horizontal surface, usually made from wood, but it could also be plastic, a wood-and-plastic composite, steel, or concrete. "Decking." Def. The Dock Manual.1999

Dinghy

small boat carried on or towed behind a larger boat as a tender or a lifeboat

Fender

cushion (as foam rubber or a wood float) between a boat and a dock or between two boats that lessens shock and prevents chafing

Floating Dock 

dock that floats on the water and can be partly submerged to permit entry of a ship and raised to keep the ship high and dry.

Gangway

the opening by which a ship is boarded

Helm

lever or wheel controlling the rudder of a ship for steering

Hull

the frame or body of a ship or boat

Keel

the chief structural member of a boat or ship that extends longitudinally along the center of its bottom and that often projects from the bottom

Mast

long pole or spar rising from the keel or deck of a ship and supporting the yards, booms, and rigging

Mooring

device (as a line or chain) by which an object is secured in place.

Outboard Motor

small internal combustion engine with propeller integrally attached for mounting at the stern of a small boat

Pier

structure (as a breakwater) extending into navigable water for us as a landing place or promenade or to protect or form a harbor.

Pile

long slender column usually of timber, steel, or reinforced concrete driven into the ground to carry a vertical load.

PWC

Personal WaterCraft, small boats such as Jet Skis and Sea-Doos powered by impeller-driven jetted water. "PWC." Def. The Dock Manual.1999

Rudder

an underwater blade that is positioned at the stern of a boat or ship and controlled by its helm and that when turned causes the vessel's head to turn in the same direction

Salvage

the act of saving or rescuing a ship or its cargo

Site Evaluation 

status report on the existing waterfront, and an inventory and activity list of present uses (and / or a wish list of proposed uses). "Site Evaluation." Def. The Dock Manual.1999

Slip

water-based parking spot for a boat, typically enclosed on three sides. "Slip." Def. The Dock Manual.1999

Stern

the rear end of a ship / boat

Swim Platform 

free floating dock used primarily for swimming.

Tide

the alternate rising and falling of the surface of the ocean and of water bodies

Turnbuckle

device that usually consists of a link with screw threads at both ends, that is turned to rbing the ends closer together, and that is used for tightening a rod or stay

Wake

the track left by a moving body (as a ship / boat) in a fluid (as water)

Winch

any of various machines or instruments for hauling or pulling; especially: a power machine with one or more drums on which to coil a rope, cable, or chain for hauling or hoisting